Hi All,

Whenever the topic of Telangana is raised, many of us blindly support Andhra
or Telangana based on where we come from. Not sure how many really think of
why the demand for separate state has been there for such a long time. The 2
major reasons why the demand has been pending for so many years is WATER AND
HYDERABAD. People around the state have earned and invested in and around
Hyderabad so there is a concerns about the safety of the investment if the
state is separated while both the major rivers in our state flow mostly
through Telangana. Below are some facts that are few reasons for the demand.
Sentiments can be foolish but not facts.

a.       There are 10 districts in Telangana, 9 in Andhra and 4 in
Rayalaseema. Out of these 7 districts in Telangana, 3 in Andhra and 1 in
Rayalaseema are considered severely backward districts which means 70% of
districts in Telangana are backward while in Andhra it is 35% and in
Rayalaseema it is 25%. Apart from these there are some areas in all parts of
the state which are also backward.

b.       45% of the state income comes from Telangana region. When it comes
to utilization of funds, the share of Telangana is only 28%.

c.        Normally canals are dug to supply water to the crops from rivers
for cultivation. The amount of land cultivated through canals in just Guntur
district is more than the land cultivated with canals in entire Telangana

d.       Nagarjuna sagar dam is built in Nalgonda district which is in
Telangana but majority of the water from the dam is used for Krishna and
Guntur district. The original dam was supposed to be build much ahead of its
present location but the location was changed so that it falls in the
Telangana region. Due to the construction of the dam several hectares of
Lime stone mines vanished as part of the dam back waters. Everyone know that
lime stone is used for producing cement. Even the natural resources were not
allowed to remain.

e.        Fluorinated water problem is only in Nalgonda district which has
not been resolved since decades.

f.         Two major rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra enter the state of AP in
the district of Mahaboobnagar(the biggest district in Telangana) but the
district always remains the worst draught hit areas along with Anantapur
because there is no project and process with which the water can be
utilized. The plans for utilization has been pending for decades.

g.       RDS (Rajolibanda Diversion Scheme) is build in Mahaboobnagar to
provide water to 85000 hectares of land in the district. The leaders of
Rayalaseems blasted the gates of RDS and water is supplied to KC
(Kurnool-Cudapah) canal while only remaining water, if any, is supplied to
the lands in Mahaboobnagar.

h.       3 TMC of water from Gandipet is sufficient to supply drinking water
to our city. Every year 1700 TMC of water is wasted and is flown into Bay of
Bengal from river Godavari. Starting from Nizambad to Bay of Bengal there is
no project allowed to build on Godavari. If it is built leaders in Godavari
districts fear that the fertile lands in the area may fall short of water.
If the Godavari water is utilized properly, there will be no scarcity for
food grains in our state.

i.         In Telangana regions, only few areas cultivate one crop a year
and very rarely two crops a year while most of the land doesn’t even
cultivate single crop. In both the Godavari districts, Krishna and Guntur
district, two crops a year is common and there are times where even 3 crops
a year are cultivated. The only reason is WATER.

j.         Government issue G.O.’s for implicating its decisions. G.O number
610 is the longest non implicated G.O in the history of AP. The G.O was
issued in 1986 by late NTR who was then the CM of AP, which is not yet
implicated. The G.O speaks about the share of Telangana employees in
Government jobs in Telangana region.

k.       33% of the population in Mahaboobnagar district have left the
district for livelihood to different parts of the state due to draught and
majority of them are working as daily labour. No other district has so many
people who fled the home place due to lack of livelihood and working as
daily labour.

l.         There are 25 plus government degree colleges in Krishna, Kadapa
and Guntur district while there is not even a single government degree
college in Ranga Reddy district.

m.     Dairy development corporation of AP purchases milk from farmers
across the state for distribution. For the same milk, in Andhra, the
government pay Rs. 24 to the farmers and in Telangana they pay Rs. 22 per
litre. Partiality is shown even in milk J

n.       In between 2005-2008 government sold lands worth Rs. 20000 crores
in and around Hyderabad which was utilized to build projects in Rayalaseema
and Andhra.

o.       Not even a single project was completed in Telangana in the last 5
years while several projects were completed in Andhra and Rayalaseema.

Not just Telangana but areas of Northern Andhra, Prakasham and parts of
Rayalaseema are still backward. The state needs to progress as a unit.
People are suffering across the state and they need a solution.

Nobody wants a split in the state but when the people of one region are
constantly humiliated and denied of what they should be getting, such
demands keep coming. Let us show maturity in understanding social problems
keeping aside the sentiments.

This article was originally written by a btech student named sai karthik Dandavathi,one of my mates.i thought it would be very useful if i publish it.

Sai Karthik Dandavathi,

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Vishnu vardhan Reddy Boda is Tech Blogger and Software Engineer.

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